Infertility Treatment for Men and Woman
Infertility is known as couples inability to deliver a child or unable to attain pregnancy, That is after 1 year of unprotected sexual intercourse. The medical world has improved a lot and this issue can be resolved with ease. The fertility of the couple depends upon several factors in both sexes with variations.
Treatment and it's types
Previously there are no medical treatments for treating infertility issue. With the advancement of science and technology, there are several types of treatments available for men and woman to restore the issue. Once the issue was diagnosed by the general practitioner, he will direct the couple to a specialist. Depending upon the medical history of the couple, they will decide the type of treatment to remove the issue.
The treatment depends on the following factors:
There may be a few cases, in which the pregnancy takes a long time; the female partner can achieve pregnancy through assisted reproductive technology (ART). If the couple opts for the infertility treatment, it will have an impact on their financial, physiological, physical condition, and time
Now, let see the treatments available for men and women.
Men face infertility issues on two counts
The treatment includes making changes in their lifestyle, medications, surgery, and sperm retrieval.
Altering lifestyle factors
Making changes in the way of their living, behavioral factors improve the pregnancy. While making lifestyle changes, the couple should not take drugs, (suggested by their doctor), elimination/ reducing the intake of harmful substances, increase in the time and improve the frequency of intercourse, doing daily workouts, lower the factors that cause infertility.
A few pills may improve men’s sperm count, increasing the chances of pregnancy. The pills improve the testicular function, sperm production, and its quality.
In a few cases, the surgery clears the issue. The surgery takes place to turn around the sperm blockage, reinstate fertility. Surgery on varicocele brightens the chances for pregnancy.
These methods assist in achieving the sperm when male have ejaculation issue or there is no presence of sperm in the ejaculated fluid.
Unlike men the women require two rehabilitations to restore fertility, though they are various types of treatment that make women conceive.
The treatment for women includes surgery to restore fertility, inspiring ovulation with fertility medications, intrauterine insemination (IUI).
Surgery to restore fertility
In this type, a hysteroscopy surgery is done to fix the uterine issues, for example, an intrauterine scar tissue, endometrial polyps, or a uterine septum.
Inspiring ovulation with fertility medications
Women face infertility due to ovulation disorders. To restore the fertility medications (In various forms) are the right option and they induce/ regulate ovulation. IVF Specialist will tell the benefits and repercussion of taking these pills.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
The method involves the direct transfer of healthy sperm into the uterus at the same time the release of eggs from woman’s ovary that is to be fertilized. Upon the factors, for infertility, the timing of IUI is decided with the fertility prescriptions or women normal cycle.
Assisted reproductive technology (ART)
It is another type of restoring fertility which involves the use of sperm and egg. It is done as a unit which is made up of physicians, embryologists, nurses, lab technicians, and related health professionals. They work as a team to help the couples in getting back the fertility.
Among assisted reproductive technology (ART) techniques in vitro fertilization (IVF) is done widely. IVF process involves retrieving and inspiring various mature eggs from a woman. They are transferred to a dish for fertilizing with man’s sperm in a lab and placing the embryos in women’s uterus after 3 to 5 days of fertilization.
Other techniques under IUF are as follows
Donor eggs or sperm
In this technique, unidentified donors donate eggs, embryos or sperm, in case a male or female lack egg or sperm.
ICSI technique is done for poor semen quality. In this type, a healthy sperm is injected into eggs.
Gestational carrier or surrogacy
In this technique, the couple’s embryo is implanted in the uterus of another woman.
This type involves the insertion of the embryo into the lining of the uterus.